What is fat injection?
One of the most popular biological filler materials is the individual’s own fat tissue. In this method, which can be described as fat transplantation, fat tissue taken from the abdomen, waist or thigh region are transferred beneath the skin and into muscle using a special injector; in this way, fullness and harmony in facial contours is established in areas such as the lips, cheekbones and chin, and deep lines in the face are eliminated by means of giving them volume. İn taking a person’s own fat tissue, healthy stem cells are taken together with the fat cells and injected back into the donor. Under the stimulating and refreshing effect of fresh stem cells, a freshness, liveliness and brightness develops in the skin of the injected area. In that respect, fat tissue injection may be regarded as an individual injecting him or herself with youth itself.
How is fat injection performed?
In this procedure, fat will be taken and the region it is to be injected into will be number under local anesthetic. Once the fat tissue has been removed using a fine liposuction is it subjected to various processes and transferred to the receiving region with a special injector. No pain is experienced during the procedure, and it is of brief duration.
Are there any difficulties after the operation, and when can normal life be resumed?
The region on which fat transfer is performed is lightly bandaged with plasters, which are removed on the third day. Pain is very slight or not felt at all. Any swelling and bruising that may arise disappears spontaneously in 5 – 7 days. Make-up can be used to camouflage any bruising during this time. Bruises should be protected from ultraviolet rays using a sun cream in order to avoid leaving marks.
Does fat injection need to be repeated?
Yes. Around 70% of the fat tissue injected may dissolve within six months. For that reason, there may be a need for supplementary fat transfer to be performed once or twice more during the first year. But that decision must be taken following discussions between patient and surgeon. Some patients may need no tissue injection for 1-1.5 years. It must not be forgotten that even though the fat cells injected survive through blood vessels from neighboring tissues and thus become a part of us, there will still be a tendency to repeat collapse due to facial gestures, sagging and dissolution.
Can fat injection be combined with other operations?
This technique can be performed together with skin renewal procedures (rejuvenation procedures such as laser, dermabrasion and chemical peeling) and/or face lift operations.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of fat transfer?
The most important advantage of the technique is that a drastically younger-looking face can be obtained without surgical incisions and sutures. In addition, it is a non-invasive procedure that does not interrupt a person’s social life, and which requires no long maintenance and dressings afterward. The patient can resume day-to-day right away. The disadvantage is the need for the procedure to be repeated, and fat tissue has to be removed on each occasion (even though surplus fat tissues can be stored in a deep freeze).
What is tissue cocktail?
“Tissue cocktail” occupies a special place in tiller materials taken from the patient him or herself. In this technique, subcutaneous connective and muscle tissues are taken from patients undergoing operations such as face lift, stomach lift and breast reduction. After being broken down into mini-particles capable of passing through an injector they are transferred beneath the skin in order to eliminate deep wrinkles.
What is the difference between this and fat injection?
Subcutaneous dermis tissue and connective tissues contain much more collagen than fat tissue, and are absorbed at a level of 90% after six months (with only 10% dissolving). Therefore, longer lasting cosmetic results can be obtained in face rejuvenation operations performed with tissue cocktail.
Why are our own tissues the most suitable materials?
Other filler materials used in the treatment of wrinkles or sagging and collapse (such as collagen, injected silicone and suture materials) can all lead to allergic reactions, and have a higher risk of infection compared to fat and tissue cocktail. Moreover, some filler materials can produce very poor, non-natural looking results. But no allergic reactions are seen after fat tissue injection, and the risk of infection is very low. For these reasons, patients and surgeons should opt for biological natural filler materials rather than artificial ones, which are costly and can lead to undesirable consequences such as infection, abscess formation and wound opening.